MIG Welding Tips for Beginners

mig welding tips for beginners

Congratulations on deciding to foray into the wild and wonderful world of MIG welding. Are you looking to learn a new trade, develop a new skill, and leverage that into a steady job? Or are you a do-it-yourself fabricator, looking to handle some garage projects without shelling out the money to hire someone? Looks like you can use for MIG welding tips for beginners.

Whatever the case may be, you have come to the right place. MIG welding is easily one of the most valuable skills you will learn, whether as an at-home metalworker, or someone looking for a stellar career as a professional welder.

MIG welding tips for beginners: Why MIG Welding?

If this is your first time ever picking up a torch and working with a MIG welding setup, there will be a slight learning curve to get used to. However, once you get the hand of things, it’s a breeze.

Compared to SMAW (or stick welding), the applications for MIG are almost limitless. You can do anything from simple vehicle frame repairs to industrial-level metal fabrication, from building iron furniture to repairing pipes to artistic metalworking and beyond.

In this post, we will go over some of the basics of MIG welding. We will cover some of the tips and tricks that can be used to speed up the learning process, and get ahead of the game.

What is MIG Welding?

Let’s start with the most basic of basic. MIG is an acronym for Metal Inert Gas. A more accurate acronym is GMAW, though, and sometimes it is shown as such. GMAW stands for Gas Metal Arc Welding.

The basic process of welding metal using MIG/GMAW is relatively uncomplicated in theory. A welding machine pushes a small wire through a spool gun. This is done along with a mixture of shielding gas, and then electric current is run through the wire. The resistance of electrical flow between the gun and the workpiece creates extreme levels of heat at the point of contact. This creates a small puddle of molten metal, which is the basis for the weld.

Welding Safety Tips

Before jumping straight into welding pointers, it’s important to start with some basic safety information. When dealing with extreme electrical currents, molten metals, flying sparks, and blinding rays of light, there are many things that can go wrong. For this reason, following proper safety procedures is highly important.

Here are some of the top safety tip to keep in mind to ensure a safe weld every time:

Always wear eye protection

One of the most common and careless mistakes we see for first-time MIG welders is a lack of proper eye protection. To reiterate what is heard time and time again by professional MIG welding instructors: Your welding helmet is not sufficient eye protection.

Although your helmet might cover your eyes, there are still going to be gaps where metal dust, sparks, and other flying objects can enter. One of the interesting quirks about metal sparks is that they always know a way to get in. If you have made it to any stake in the welding process without safety glasses, and have yet to be smacked in the eye by molten metal spatter, then you should consider yourself extremely lucky.

A cheap pair of two-dollar clear safety glasses is the way to go. It can make the difference between going blind early and having a career as a successful MIG welder.

Wear a jacket

A good quality, thick jacket can easily run you $100 or more. However, they are worth every penny of the expense. These jackets accomplish two things:

  • Protecting the upper body from sparks
  • Protecting the skin from harmful UV rays

Nothing can ruin your day quite like having a flannel work shirt catch on fire from sparks being thrown during a weld.

Make sure you have a solid helmet

A MIG welding helmet is by far one of the most essential pieces of gear that can be purchased by a new welder. It is vital to buy a full-face shield, and not just a pair of goggles. Obtaining a full-face shield will work wonders to protect the head, scalp, and neck from flying sparks and ultraviolet radiation. Most importantly, it will save your eyes from potential burn-in due to the sheer power of the light being radiated.

Arc burn-in occurs when the cornea of your eye is exposed to extreme radiation from welding flashes. It will feel as if a hot piece of sand is stuck in your eye, and won’t go away for days. This is surely not the kind of experience that you want to deal with, especially not as a beginner MIG welder.

Get some thick gloves

One should never underestimate the heat of metal after welding for just a few minutes. Steel melts at around 2500 degrees Fahrenheit. Even if directly avoiding touching the weld, surrounding metals can still be 1000 degrees or more.

It should go without saying that this is hot enough to immediately lead to third degree burns upon contact with skin. Thin gloves can melt to your skin in these extreme temperatures as well. Do yourself a huge favor and obtain a thick set of rawhide or leather gloves, and use them always when MIG welding.

Grab some high-quality work boots

You should always be wearing a good quality pair of steel-toe work boots when MIG welding. The sparks flying from your workpiece during a weld will quickly and effectively eat through any pair of cheap boots you may have on. Don’t spend a ton of money on these boots, but opt for a full-metal toe instead of melt-able plastic composite.

Setting up Shielding Gas and Metal Wire

The first thing that needs to be done before sitting down to start welding is setting up the gas and wire that will be used in the process. When it comes to MIG welding, there are two choices of wire: flux core and solid.

The gas being used will typically be a mixture of argon and carbon dioxide. However, some shielding gases have helium mixed in. This is all dependent on the material that will be used.

It is important to take note of the material worked with, so that you can ensure the proper gas settings and tools for the job.

Flux Core versus Solid Wire

The difference between a flux core wire and a solid wire is that you don’t need an external shielding gas with the flux core. The flux in the wire will be burned and create its own gaseous shield to protect against any foreign contaminants. Flux core, while more convenient, can be a bit more expensive.

Often, MIG welders will utilize solid wire for their needs. As the MIG welding machine pushes the solid wire through the spool, it releases small amounts of shielding gas through the nozzle. This keeps the welds both shielded from external triggers and clean.

Adjustments in Polarity

Depending on whether solid or flux core wiring is being used, MIG welders might need to adjust the polarity of their welder.

  • If a solid wire is being used, the machine needs to be set to DCEP, which is electrode positive
  • If a flux core wire is being used, the machine needs to be set to DCEN, which is electrode negative.

This is very important to remember, as a mistake here can ruin a great welding piece. Some machines can do this with the flip of a switch online. On others, you might need to switch out some wires and lugs on the side of the machine to get things moved around.

Gas Mixtures

It is vital to utilize the proper mixture of gases to shield welds without causing issues. The typical mixtures are carbon steel, stainless steel, and aluminum focused, and are metered as such:

  • Carbon steel gas mixtures are 75 percent argon and 25 percent carbon dioxide.
  • Stainless steel gas mixtures are a tri-mix of 90 percent helium, 7.5 percent argon, and 2.5 percent carbon dioxide.
  • Aluminum gas mixtures are 100 percent pure argon gas.

These can either be ordered separately and linked together per individual needs, or can be purchased as pre-mixed gas packs that are already hooked up and ready for use.

Eight MIG Welding Tips for Beginners

There are eight important tips for beginner MIG welders to ensure that the welds come out looking beautifully and no accidents occur:

  • Improve your ground clamp
  • Adjust wire feel speed accordingly
  • Never forget to perform proper prep
  • Control your speed when welding
  • Keep your body steady and sturdy
  • Maintain a consistent distance
  • Manipulate the puddle as needed
  • Utilize the machine’s guide for reference

Let’s dig into each one of these to tease out the most important details.

Improve your ground clamp

Unfortunately, many MIG welding machines come “stock”, riddled with cheap ground clamps. These ground clamps don’t grip onto your work properly. This issue can cause the quality of your welds to suffer greatly. If you keep “sticking” or getting unexpected sparks and cracks while welding, it’s likely that your clamp isn’t making a good connection.

The easiest way to fix this is to take a handful of thin copper wires and twist them through the teeth of your clamps. This will create a larger contact area, and allow the electricity to flow smoothly and evenly through the circuit.

Adjust wire feed speed accordingly

Welding machine wire feeds work in a similar fashion to a bait casting reel when fishing. If you don’t adjust the tension and release speed in tandem with progression on a MIG welding piece, you might end up with deep or shallow puddling. This creates sloppy welds.

If your weld is cracking, popping, or producing too much spatter, a quick fix is to check the pace at which the wire is being fed through the spool and nozzle. If this is the case, the optimal solution is to slow down.

Never forget to perform proper prep

One of the easiest steps that can be done do to ensure clean welds is to properly prepare your workpiece. Although you can usually strike an arc and weld on almost any metal, it’s always good practice to take your grinder and brush and polish your work area down to bare metal. This helps to remove contaminants on the metal’s surface and helps electricity flow better.

Control your speed when welding

As a welder, you need to learn to develop complete control over your body if you want your welds to be straight and solid. Depending on the thickness of your workpiece, the size of your wire, and the voltage/amperage you’re running, you may need to run faster or slower to achieve a deep connecting weld.

Keep your body steady and sturdy

As mentioned previously, body control is one of the most important things a welder can learn to properly perform. Besides just keeping your speed under control, however, you also need to keep your body steady and under control.

It can be easy to get tunnel vision staring directly at the puddle. If this happens, your beads aren’t going to turn out very straight. To ensure that all your welds are of high quality, you need to ensure that your arms are properly supported, your breathing is steady, and that your hands aren’t shaky.

Maintain a consistent distance

Another thing you can do to keep your welds consistent is to always maintain the same distance between the wire and your work. If you let it the wire get too close to the metal, then your puddle might become too wide, or your wire might fuse to the metal.

If you let the MIG weld get too far away, then the electrical connection might be broken. These are both something that you want to avoid while you’re in the middle of laying a bead.

Manipulate the puddle as needed

In most cases, you’re not going to be welding in a straight dragging motion. To ensure proper penetration and puddle depth, you’re going to need to manipulate your molten puddle with quick-flicking motions. Most instructors recommend trying to write a string of the cursive letter e or u repeatedly to get the weld puddle properly manipulated and formed.

What this does is allows you to maintain a steady back-and-forth motion which will increase your weld depth and ensure that you’re not just making shallow surface beads. A good bead will appear to have lots of small layers stacked on top of each other with consistent distance and width between each other.

Utilize the machine’s guide for reference

If you’re ever unsure of what voltage or amperage to set your welding machine on, not sure what type of wire or gas mixture you should be using, or how to set the polarity, then look at your machine’s guide. It’s important to familiarize yourself with the ins and outs of how it works, and what settings work best for different types of work.

The Difference Between Good and Bad Welds

 If you follow the steps above and practice every single day, then you’ll be well on your way to producing quality work 100% of the time. The main difference between good welds and bad welds is the penetration depth and the level of fusing that occurs.

Often you may have the correct depth, but the weld doesn’t penetrate at the right angle. This can lead to cracks and failures down the line. A good weld will be smooth, consistent, and fuse your pieces together evenly to create a strong bond that’s as strong as steel.

Final Pieces of Advice

If nothing else is gleamed from the MIG Welding Tips and Tricks for Beginners Guide, let it be this: practice makes perfect. No amount of reading, watching of tutorials, or watching someone else weld will make you a professional MIG welder before ever picking up a spool gun.

The most effective way to ensure progression and professional success with MIG welding is to jump right in and be in the shop consistently, practicing welds and learning tips and tricks to further improve upon what we have explained here.

The ugly truth is that the first few pieces you do are not going to come out looking good. You may spend weeks performing sloppy welds with a MIG welder. However, if you build upon what is learned every day, and work to correct your mistakes, things will progress. Keep the above advice in mind, and try your best to put it in practice when welding, and you’ll be welding at expert levels in no time.

Looking for a solid MIG welder to start off? My we suggest the powerful yet inexpensive Hobart Handler 140? Click here to read the review!

MIG Welding: 7 Advantages and Disadvantages

lincoln 210 mp review mig welding

MIG welding is an extremely popular method of welding used for low alloy steel. It is perfect for everything from simple home repair projects to larger industrial workings. It is relatively easy to learn, which is why many beginning welders use it as their go-to technique.

However, there are some benefits and disadvantages inherent in MIG welding compared to alternative welding processes and equipment types. Knowing these will assist users in welding properly and producing the results they strive for. For even more information check out our post Almost Everything You Need To Know About MIG Welding. Let’s hop in!

What is MIG Welding?

In its simplest form, MIG welding is nothing more than a process where electric arcs join two metals together. The arc is formed between the metal piece being worked on and a wire electrode. This electrode is pushed through a MIG spool gun connected to the welder. Each welder has a shielding gas, protecting the weld point and the arc from damage due to the surroundings.

There are four main components that comprise a quality MIG welding setup:

  • An electrode: diameter, packaging, and composition
  • Process variables, such as voltage, travel speed, metal transfer and current
  • Equipment, like welding guns, wire feeders and power sources
  • Shielding gases, with factors like flow rate, composition and purity

Users can handle materials with variable thickness. Using one depends on the task you are looking to complete, though. The first step that should be taken is deciding upon which MIG welder tool is perfect for your needs. Luckily, Tool Guides Hub has all the answers you could possibly need for your next MIG welding project. Have a look around!

Benefits of Specific MIG Welders

MIG welders come in a wide variety of styles and types. It’s important to know the benefits and types to find a model and phase valuation that suits your specific needs. The main types of MIG welders are one phase, combination one-and-three phase, and three phase.

  • One-phase welders have an average power rating of 115 to 230 VAC. Most likely, these welders will be seen in home garages, and used for lighter fabrication work, art pieces, or standard repairs and maintenance. Tool Guides Hub suggests you use these welders for simpler jobs with thinner materials.
  • Three-phase or combination one-and-three phase welders have far more versatility compared to one-phase MIG welders. They have the capacity to perform the same tasks as one-phase welders, but can also be used for standard fabrication work or construction processes.

Advantages of MIG Welding

If you are a beginner welder, it is highly suggested to get a MIG welder to start. There are some substantial benefits to these welders over alternatives. These will be experienced firsthand once welding techniques begin to be learned. Here are some of the strongest advantages of MIG welders:

Quality and Versatility

Most first-time welders begin with MIG welding as it can be used for multiple metals. This includes such options as high-quality stainless steel, nickel, aluminum, and more. The welds for these metals are substantial in quality, and spatter produced is minimal.

Additionally, MIG welding guns can be bought for automatic, semi-automatic, and manual welding options. Most have electronic switches, which can turn the device off and on with ease. This makes MIG welding far simpler and safer for beginners to use.

Alloys are not Lost

One of the additional benefits of MIG welding is that it causes almost no alloy elements to be removed through the process. Maintaining the integrity of these elements makes the welding process far more efficient and cost-effective.

Lack of Steep Learning Curve

One of the main reasons why beginners select MIG welding over alternatives is its simplicity. It is easy to learn MIG welding with less than 24 hours of work. Trainers can provide basic training processes in quick 20-minute sessions. Most of the time training is spent cleaning the weld after the project is completed!

Also, MIG welders have increased visibility. This makes the welding processes faster and simpler. Welders have more control over their work due to the automatic feed wire. With a MIG welding tool, welders make perfect welds, dependent on the material thickness.

Cleaner and More Effective

MIG welding utilizes shielding gases for the arc welding process. What this means is that the welder maintains their alloys and metals when it is sent across the arc. Unlike stick welding, with MIG welding there is rarely any slag to be removed. MIG also produces incredible welds.

After a fast clean-up process, the MIG welder will be in working condition in a fraction of the time compared to alternatives. This is mainly due to the minimal necessary cleanup.

Increases in Work Productivity

Many welding machines that run MIG state that they increase productivity. Again, this is due to factors such as not needing to spend time chipping away and cleaning up slag, constantly changing rods, and repeatedly brushing the welds. With MIG welding tools, welders can work cleaner and faster.

Additionally, MIG welds use constantly fed wires. This allows the user to utilize both hands freely when welding. This results in far faster turnaround times, higher quality finished welds, and improved speeds overall.

Lower Hydrogen Deposits

Unlike their competing flux core welding options and stick electrodes, the solids with MIG welding do not pick up moisture. Because of this, this welding type produces consistent welds due to lower levels of diffusible hydrogen.

Speed Advantages

MIG welding has far faster processes than alternative and older welding methods. This is one of the reasons why it is the most popular wending strategy amongst beginners and professionals alike. MIG welders use semi-inert gases (MIG stands for Metal Inert Gas) such as carbon dioxide. This is more commonly used nowadays for the welding processes for steel.

Disadvantages of MIG Welding

Much like any welding processes, MIG welding has some disadvantages. We would be too biased if we failed to include these. Here are some things that will need to be considered to ensure your welds are as efficient as possible.

Shielding Gas Issues

While the shielding gas assists in improving the quality of welds, the shielding gas bottle can become a bit of a distraction for beginners. The bottle tends to get in the way of the welding process, and it can take some time to adjust and even more time to replace.

We at Tool Guides Hub suggest that greener welders begin welding slowly, to ensure they have the chance to get used to working with shielding gases and the bottles that go along with them.

Limitations of Positions

Advanced welders may find MIG welding to be a bit limited. Due to its higher heat inputs, and the fluid welding puddle that is formed, MIG welding is not suitable for overhead or vertical welding.

While some welders have no need to ever weld in any position besides horizontal, it is important to keep this factor in mind when buying a MIG welder. Make sure that it can accomplish all jobs that are planned for it.

Item Cost

As seen all throughout Tool Guides Hub, MIG welding tools are in no way cheap. They are expensive, can become complex, and in some cases come at the sacrifice of overall portability. Additionally, purchasing shielding gas canisters, replacement tips, electrodes and nozzles can add up quickly. It’s important to set up a budget before purchasing a MIG welder to ensure that, with accessories included, you can get one that is within your price range.

Welding Environments

As MIG welding tools are not as portable as some alternatives, they aren’t suitable for moving around for outside projects. Additionally, the wind will wreak havoc upon the shielding gas emissions, and will directly impact the quality of the weld. So, your MIG welder will have a rough go popping outside to repair a broken tractor. However, it’s a wonderful tool for automotive work in a garage or indoor/covered environment.

Necessary Preparation Times

Before you can get started welding with a new MIG welder, the material you are welding needs to be fully clean of rust and dirt. This improves the welding quality and helps the welder to remain safe through the entire process. If the base metals are contaminated in any way, you will have a rough time properly joining the two pieces of metal together.

Thick Material Utilization

Thin materials are no sweat for MIG welders. However, welders will have a difficult time welding thicker pieces of steel or other metals. With a MIG welder, you might not experience the proper heat penetration necessary to have a resulting solid weld.

Rapid Cooling of MIG Welds

The metals that are used by MIG welders cool down far faster than alternative welding techniques. As the slag is not covered, the cooling rate is far higher.

Different MIG Wire Sizes

Typically, MIG welders will come with flux cored wire. Therefore, you will need to purchase MIG wire to ensure that it joins the different metals together properly. As a simple rule of thumb, the thicker the metal, the thicker the wire needed for the project.

If you are looking for the highest quality of welds, it is far better to crank the machine up with more power and a thinner wire compared to a thicker wire and a lower power setting. Here are the ideal purposes for the wires that should be used for specific projects:

  • 0.23-inch wire should only be used for small welding machines when welding thin sheet metal, ranging from 24 gauge to 16 gauge.
  • 0.3-inch wire typically is what comes with a MIG welder. It is a solid overall choice when working with sheet metals up to 1/8th of an inch.
  • 0.35-inch wire works for metals up to 1/4th of an inch, and is one of the best choices for beginners just getting into the MIG welding scene.
  • 0.45-inch wire works for metals thicker than 1/4th of an inch. This wire type is typically used for industrial style MIG welding.

MIG Welding Gas Types

MIG welding is very well known for its gas-type versatility. Welders can utilize different types of gases when welding away on their metalworking projects. Three of the most commonly used are pure argon, argon mix, and carbon dioxide gases.

  • Pure Argon should only be used for nonferrous metals such as copper, aluminum zinc, etc. Argon creates a narrow bead because it creates a low thermal heat conductivity. This gas will give you a good penetration in the center of the weld but won’t be effective enough to penetrate through a steel joint.
  • Argon Mix gas uses a mixture of carbon dioxide and argon to produce high-quality welds. This gas mixture gives you a suitable arc sized stream that minimizes spatter and gives great penetration.
  • Carbon Dioxide is a cheaper alternative than the Argon Mix gas. The only problem is that CO2 gives you an unstable arc and produces a lot of spatter.

Closing Thoughts on MIG Welder Advantages and Disadvantages

It doesn’t matter if you’re a hobbyist or a professional, having a MIG welding device will make your projects run more smoothly. Knowing both the advantages and disadvantages will help you utilize the welder’s skills while working around their limitations. Ultimately, with a bit of practice, you’ll find that your MIG welder will help you join any piece of metal faster than any other welding method!

Almost Everything You Need To Know About MIG Welding

forney welder mig welding

Few technical disciplines balance the vast potential of effective creation with safety that welding offers. It’s a challenge that offers near unlimited opportunity for application in the assembly and repair of metal materials for a variety of applications. It requires perseverance and dedication to understanding principles of both safety and operation to make the most of it without inflicting self-harm.

What Is MIG Welding?

MIG is an acronym for metal inert gas. While it sounds complex and dangerous, getting the fundamentals down is easier than you may think. It was created as a means to weld within a more limited frame of time. Back then it was used during the production of wartime inventory, ranging from the production and repair of weapons to battle equipment.

After the war was over, it was used in factories, stores, garages, and more.

MIG welding uses gas to protect the welding pool essentially. It’s necessary because of the possibility of contaminants in the air to cause problems and warps in the surfaces or materials being welded.  Without this protection, quality can’t be controlled.

What Is It Used For?

MIG welding tools are used for thin and medium-sized metals. MIG welders use an electrode that’s placed on a spool and is fed at a pre-selected speed. Then it’s arc, makes an electrical current between the wire and the base metal.

The arc then melts the wire and connects it to the base. As a result, it creates a durable weld that has a good appearance and doesn’t need to be cleaned.

Usually, most MIG welding projects are done at home. This is because it doesn’t produce that much heat on your machine and needs to be controlled correctly to prevent any injuries from occurring.

MIG guns are used for semiautomatic welding, manual manipulation, and automatic welding. Since its electrode is fed continuously, your welding gun needs a sliding electrical contact to transmit the entire welding current towards the electrode.

Also, the MIG gun needs a nozzle to move the shielding gas, a gas passage, and a molten weld pool. It uses an electrical switch to control the welding current, shielding gas flow, and the electrode feed.

MIG Welding Pros

Most people like to use MIG welding because it offers a simple, yet effective way of utilizing metals to make their creations. Here are some of the benefits you’ll experience when having a MIG tool in your household, garage, or shop:

Efficient and Clean

Since MIG welding uses shielding gas to help the arc, you don’t lose any alloying elements when the metal is transferred across the arc. You don’t have to remove any slag, which makes it faster than stick welding.


MIG welding is one of the most versatile welding techniques and can weld a multitude of alloys and metals. It can also operate in multiple ways such as fully and semi-automatic. While MIG welding is suitable for home projects, a lot of enterprises use it to increase the production of their products.

MIG is used for these metals: copper, mild steel, stainless steel, nickel, and most of their alloys, and iron and iron alloys. So, when you use a MIG welding tool correctly, you’ll be able to complete almost any project faster than other welding operations.

Great and Simple Welds

MIG welding gives users an enhanced weld pool visibility. Add to this the process of having better control by the auto-feed wire. MIG makes it easier for you to make a good looking weld after only a few minutes of using the machine.

MIG Welding Cons

Like any welding technique, there are some disadvantages of using MIG welding. Here are the most common problems you’ll face when going into MIG welding.

Safety Hazards

Never forget that improper welding practices can be hazardous. Fumes, electric shock, noise, hot parts and a group of other hazards come along when operated incorrectly. The infrared and ultraviolet light rays can burn your skin, and eyes if you don’t know what you’re doing. That’s why the best MIG welding operators know how to remain safe when using these tools.

Here are some tips that can take your MIG welding skills to the next level and ensure that you’re as efficient, professional, and safe in any shop that you’re working on. Welding helmets, close-toed shoes, gloves and cloves that don’t expose your skin are essential.

Make sure that you wear natural fibers such as leather and denim as they are flame resistant. Avoid wearing shirts with pockets or pants with cuffs, because they can catch sparks and cause further injuries.

Shielding Gas

Another issue with MIG welding is that it takes time to replace the shielding gas bottles. This can become an issue as they can get in your way when you’re working on your projects. To prevent this issue, you need to know what gas your operating wire requires – whether it’s argon, 100% CO2, or a mixture of the two.

How Is It Different From Other Types of Welding?

TIG Welding

TIG welding is used for smaller gauge materials. For example, items that were made in this process creates things such as tool boxes and kitchen sinks. The largest difference between TIG and MIG welding is that MIG welding uses a feeding electrode when working on metals and is a faster way to place down welds. TIG welding uses a more delicate and fine welding technique.

The TIG welder is a versatile machine as it can weld almost any type of metals. However, it’s very slow when compared to MIG welding. For anyone that wants to weld at home, you’re better off buying a MIG welding tool.

Stick Welding

How Difficult is MIG Welding?

Like most welding operations, MIG can be difficult to learn when starting off. Since the technique of actually welding the material differs from traditional methods, MIG welding, even to veteran welders, requires some time and practice to deliver the best performance when using the gear.

Follow some of these techniques so that you can simplifying the welding process. For instance, you need to control your weld bead so that you can weld the materials easier.

When you’re welding in a different position (horizontal, overhead, or vertical welding), you want to keep your weld pool very small. This is so that you can have the best weld beat control. Make sure to use the smallest diameter size to ensure that you complete the operation easier.

A bead that’s too skinny and tall indicates little to no heat into your weld joint or a fast traveling speed. On the other hand, if the beat is wide and flat, then you’re welding too slowly, or you’ll have hot weld parameters. Ideally, your weld needs a crown, so it reaches the metal that’s placed around it.

Remember, a push technique will preheat the metal. This means that you should use it with thin metals such as aluminum. If you attempt to pull solid wire, it will flatten the weld and place a lot of heat on the metal.

When you’re not using it, protect your wire spools by placing them in a plastic bag. Close it to ensure that it stays secure and safe from outside ailments. These might destroy or weaken your wire spool.


To conclude, MIG welding is a great hobby to learn once you understand its safety procedures. By staying protected and well dressed, you’ll be able to avoid 90% of the problems that most inexperienced welders tend to face.

With MIG welding, you’ll find it easier to make high-quality creations out of the metal that you’re using. As we’ve stated earlier, continue practicing to get used to the materials, and you’ll notice more interesting welding results in no time.